Murray Springs

Murray Springs

A Clovis Site With Multiple Activity Areas in the San Pedro Valley, Arizona

Book - 2007
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Chicago Distribution Center
The Murray Springs Site in the upper San Pedro River Valley of southeast Arizona is one of the most significant Clovis sites ever found. It contained a multiple bison kill, a mammoth kill, and possibly a horse kill in a deeply stratified sedimentary context. Scattered across the buried occupation surface with the bones of late Pleistocene animals were several thousand stone tools and waste flakes from their manufacture and repair. Because of the unique occurrence of an algal black mat that buried the Clovis-age surface immediately after abandonment, the distributional integrity of the artifacts and debitage clusters is exceptional for Paleoindian sites. Excavation of the Clovis hunters’ camp 50 to 150 meters south of the kills revealed artifactual evidence typical of hunting camp activity, including hide working and weapons repair. Impact flakes conjoining with Clovis points clearly tied the camp to the bison kill. The unique nature of the site and this comprehensive study of the excavated material constitute one of the most important contributions to our knowledge of Paleoindian hunters in the New World.

Book News
As Haynes (emeritus, U. of Arizona) and Huckell (anthropology, U. of New Mexico) explain in the preface, Murray Springs is an ancient Clovis site with multiple activity areas (including a multiple bison kill, a mammoth kill, possibly a horse kill, and hunting camp activity-- in the San Pedro Valley of southeastern Arizona. Their report describes the research findings from six summer field sessions of archaeological excavations Murray Springs conducted between 1966 and 1971. The report offers findings on the quaternary geology of the site, modern vegetation of the area, molluscan fauna of San Pedro Valley, buried animal kills and processing localities, found bison ages from dentition, Clovis lithic technology from Murray Springs, and Clovis paleoecology as viewed from Murray Springs. Annotation ©2007 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

Publisher: Tucson : University of Arizona Press, 2007
ISBN: 9780816525799
Branch Call Number: 979.469 M966 2007
Characteristics: xv, 308 p., 10 p. of plates : ill. (some col.), maps (some col.) ; 28 cm


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