All in the Family
The Realignment of American Democracy Since the 1960sBook - 2012
Analyzes the social and political movements that redefined the American family from 1964 to 2004, which saw the rise of feminist and gay rights causes, while allowing conservatives to brand liberalism as damaging to the nuclear family.
In the 1960s, Lyndon Johnson's Great Society and War on Poverty promised an array of federal programs to assist working-class families. In the 1980s, Ronald Reagan declared the GOP the party of "family values" and promised to keep government out of Americans' lives. Again and again, historians have sought to explain the nation's profound political realignment from the 1960s to the 2000s, five decades that witnessed the fracturing of liberalism and the rise of the conservative right. The award-winning historian Robert O. Self is the first to argue that the separate threads of that realignment--from civil rights to women's rights, from the antiwar movement to Nixon's "silent majority," from the abortion wars to gay marriage, from the welfare state to neoliberal economic policies--all ran through the politicized American family.
Based on an astonishing range of sources, All in the Family rethinks an entire era. Self opens his narrative with the Great Society and its assumption of a white, patriotic, heterosexual man at the head of each family. Soon enough, civil rights activists, feminists, and gay rights activists, animated by broader visions of citizenship, began to fight for equal rights, protections, and opportunities. Led by Pauli Murray, Gloria Steinem, Harvey Milk, and Shirley Chisholm, among many others, they achieved lasting successes, including Roe v. Wade, antidiscrimination protections in the workplace, and a more inclusive idea of the American family.
Yet the establishment of new rights and the visibility of alternative families provoked, beginning in the 1970s, a furious conservative backlash. Politicians and activists on the right, most notably George Wallace, Phyllis Schlafly, Anita Bryant, and Jerry Falwell, built a political movement based on the perceived moral threat to the traditional family. Self writes that "family values" conservatives in fact "paved the way" for fiscal conservatives, who shared a belief in liberalism's invasiveness but lacked a populist message. Reagan's presidency united the two constituencies, which remain, even in these tumultuous times, the base of the Republican Party.All in the Family, an erudite, passionate, and persuasive explanation of our current political situation and how we arrived in it, will allow us to think anew about the last fifty years of American politics.
Robert O. Self (history, Brown U.) has written a clear, carefully-reasoned history of US culture since the 1960s that moves beyond either liberal or conservative versions of history; the purpose of the book is to explore how those particular oppositional contemporary cultural visions came about. Self's basic premise is that the civil rights movements of the 1960s and 70s (here, feminism and the gay rights movement) demanded fundamental shifts in how Americans defined and thought about family, and that "family values" conservatism was a response. The author makes valuable points: that negative rights (the right to be left alone) aid only people not in need, but positive rights (legal recognition or support) upset the structures that exist; that the Great Society ideal of a suburban nuclear-family-only household with one male breadwinner never literally represented most US families; the trend in American liberalism toward increasing alienation from working-class and heterosexual men, and in American conservatism toward increasing alienation from working women. Annotation ©2012 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)